# Information Form

    What Is Pancreatic Cancer?

    Pancreatic cancer, which is one of the top fatal cancer types, is among the most difficult diseases to diagnose and treat because it is stored in the upper part of the abdominal cavity and spreads to the inner parts.

    This type of cancer, which progresses silently, is often noticeable in the late stages, as its symptoms appear too late. Therefore, as in all cancer types, Early Diagnosis becomes more important in pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancer starts in the tissues of the pancreas, which is a horizontally lying organ in the abdomen at the lower back of the stomach. Pancreatic cancer typically tends to spread to other organs. Malignant masses that tend to proliferate in any part of the pancreas are called pancreatic cancer. Although cancers in this organ can develop in all parts of the organ, it is most commonly spread in the head region. Adenocarcinoma is the most common pancreatic cancer. Since adenocarcinoma originates from aggressive cells, it can progress rapidly and metastasize to surrounding tissues.

    If the tumor can be removed in pancreatic cancer, the only method of surgical treatment should be applied to improve pancreatic cancer. Although the tumor is removed surgically, pancreatic cancer can often recur. After pancreas surgery, gemcitabine (Gemzar) or 5-FU combined with chemotherapy treatment can delay cancer recurrence for up to 6 months. In these tumors, which are not suitable for surgical intervention, more obstructed bile ducts are opened or the cancer-blocked bypass is intervened in the small intestine.

    What are the symptoms of pancreatic cancer?


    – Weight loss

    – Pain in the abdomen

    – Nausea

    – Jaundice

    – Chronic pancreatitis

    – The sudden emergence of diabetes (diabetes) is the most common findings.

    As a result of malnutrition, rapid weight loss occurs in patients with bloating, indigestion and loss of appetite. Jaundice is one of the most common symptoms seen in the earliest period. Initially, jaundice occurs in the eyes, yellowing of the skin, darkening of the urine color to ‘tea-colored urine ve and finally results in abnormally lightening of the fecal color, which is defined as‘ glass paste. The cause of jaundice is the prevention of excretion of bilirubin produced by the liver into the duodenum as a result of obstruction of the biliary tract by pancreatic cancer. The pain was initially described as an ambiguous abdominal pain. Blunt nature. It is often associated with bloating and indigestion symptoms.




    Even with modern methods, any drug treatment for pure pancreatic cancer is being developed. Absolute resolution May not be diagnosed at an early stage.

    Early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer can be difficult because it is insidious and does not show signs or symptoms. Imaging becomes very important during this time. The most used and the best information method; CT (computed tomography). CT (computed tomography) may show a high rate of tumor suitable for functional intervention. But he can speak clearly. The operation of the physician here is very clear to decide whether to remove a cancerous tumor. CT (computed tomography) is there;


    – Blood tests are carried out to determine the important values ​​such as bilirubin.

    – Tissue, urine and blood samples are taken and measurements are made. Two tumor markers, CA 19.9 and CEA, may be helpful in these measurements.

    – MRI is as guiding as CT. It is illuminating in findings related to surrounding tissues of the certain pancreas.

    – We prefer PET screening for malignant tumors.

    In these locations, panoramic laparoscopy, biopsy, ERCP, PTC methods are available.

    How to treat pancreatic cancer?

    For the treatment of pancreatic cancer, at the end of the beginning, physical therapy, laboratory and radiological research, I believe in what stage of the pancreatic tumor, its relationship with neighboring organs, and whether there is spread to neighboring vessels and/or distant organs. Surgery cannot be performed in advanced-stage tumors. What you need to know about pancreatic cancer

    If your doctor confirms the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, it is intended to determine the stage (spread) of cancer. The information your doctor receives from staging tests includes the stage of pancreatic cancer, which helps determine which treatments are appropriate for you.


    What are the stages of pancreatic cancer?

    Stage I. Cancer is limited to the pancreas and can be surgically removed.

    Stage II. Cancer may spread outside the pancreas to nearby tissues and organs and spread to the lymph nodes. The operating room to eliminate cancer at this stage.

    Stage III. Cancer may have spread to the large blood vessels outside the pancreas, around the pancreas, and to the lymph nodes. Can eliminate cancer at this stage

    Stage IV. Cancer has spread to distant areas of the pancreas, such as the peritoneum, which surrounds the liver, lungs, and abdominal organs. At this stage, surgery is not an option.

    Do not hesitate to ask your doctor about the effectiveness of pancreatic cancer diagnosis. If in doubt, seek the second opinion.

    What are the treatment methods for pancreatic cancer?

    Treatment of pancreatic cancer In addition to your overall health status and personal preferences, the first goal of human pancreatic cancer research to bless cancer is to eliminate cancer if possible. When this is not an option, you may focus on improving your quality of life and preventing cancer from growing or further damaging.

    Treatment; surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or targeted. When pancreatic cancer progresses and it is unlikely that employees will benefit, your doctor will recommend symptom-alleviating treatment (palliative care) that you expect to feel as comfortable as possible.